WHY MUSLIM APOSTATES TURN TO ATHEISM
Hilaire Belloc said "Islam is apparently unconvertable. The missionary efforts made by great Catholic orders which have been occupied in trying to turn Mohammedans into Christians for nearly 400 years have everywhere wholly failed...we have had hardly any effect in converting individual Mohammedans..." Hilaire Belloc, The Great Heresies.
An interesting article by Spengler of the Asia Times seems to answer the WHY of Belloc's statement. He points out that the god of Islam is "all transcendent". He is not subject to the natural law or even his own laws. Everything is random and subject to the whimsy of allah in the mind of a muslim. He controls every minute aspect of the world in accord with nothing other than his own ever-changing and unpredictable will. The arbitrariness of the god of Islam is much closer to atheism than it is to the God of Christianity and Judaism.
Spengler states: "...[A]ll the Muslim apostates whose voices we hear are atheists - not only Hirsi Ali, but also Salman Rushdie, the celebrated author of The Satanic Verses, the Syrian poet Adonis, and the pseudonymous Ibn Warraq, author of Why I am not a Muslim and several compendia of Koranic criticism.
"Why do Muslim apostates gravitate towards atheism? That is not true of other religions. Many Jewish converts achieved prominence in 20th-century Christianity - for example, the recently deceased Cardinal Jean-Marie Lustiger, the martyred Carmelite nun Edith Stein (now canonized), and the great Protestant theologian Eugene Rosenstock-Huessy. But the name of no prominent Muslim convert to Christianity (much less to Judaism) comes to mind.
"It is easy to change what we think, but very hard to change how we think."
Spengler quotes Pope Benedict XVI's Regensburg speech which is an excellent distillation of the problem with Islam:
For Muslim teaching, God is absolutely transcendent. His will is not bound up with any of our categories, even that of rationality. Here [Professor Theodore] Khoury quotes a work of the noted French Islamist R Arnaldez, who points out that Ibn Hazm went so far as to state that God is not bound even by his own word, and that "nothing would oblige him to reveal the truth to us. Were it God's will, we would even have to practice" idolatry.
Spengler also cites German-Jewish theologian Franz Rosenzweig who observed a century ago:
"An atheist can say, 'There is no God but God'." If God is everywhere and in all things, he is nowhere and in nothing. If there are no natural laws, there need be no law-giver, and the world is an arbitrary and desolate place, a Hobbesian war of each aspect of nature against all. Contemplation of nature in Islam is solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short. It is not surprising that Islamic science died out a generation or two after al-Ghazali."
Spengler concludes: "[T]he absolute transcendence of Allah in the physical world is the cognate of his despotic character as a spiritual ruler, who demands submission and service from his creatures. The Judeo-Christian God loves his creatures and as an act of love makes them free. Humankind only can be free if nature is rational, that is, if God places self-appointed limits on his own sphere of action. In a world ordered by natural law, humankind through its faculty of reason can learn these laws and act freely. In the alternative case, the absolute freedom of Allah crowds out all human freedom of action, leaving nothing but the tyranny of caprice and fate."
"The empty and arbitrary world of atheism is far closer to the Muslim universe than the Biblical world, in which God orders the world out of love for humankind, so that we may in freedom return the love that our creator bears for us. Atheism is an alternative to Islam closer to Muslim habits of mind than the love-centered world of Judaism and Christianity."
The random nature of allah's actions and the fact he is not bound by any law --even his own--makes him a cruel master that enslaves his followers to his own whim and fancy. This way of thinking makes for a perfect transition into atheism by muslim apostates. A cruelly random, and inexplicable god leads to atheism where the universe is cruelly random and inexplicable.