GLUTTONY AND ITS REMEDIES
Thomas Aquinas argued that gluttony could include an obsessive anticipation of meals, and the constant eating of delicacies and excessively costly foods. Aquinas set forth five ways to commit gluttony:
• Praepropere - eating too soon
• Laute - eating too expensively
• Nimis - eating too much
• Ardenter - eating too eagerly
• Studiose - eating too daintily
As we approach Holy Week it seems an opportune time to look at some remedies of gluttony:
"Call to mind that it was a sin of gluttony which brought death into the world, and that it is the first and most important passion to be conquered, for upon the subjection of this vice depends your victory over all others. We cannot successfully battle with enemies abroad when the forces within us are in a state of rebellion. Thus we see that the devil first tempted our Savior to gluttony, wishing to make himself master of the avenue through which all other vices find an easy entrance."
"That you may not be deceived by the snares of this vice disguised by necessities, govern your appetite by reason not by inclination. Remember that your soul can never rule the flesh, if it be not itself submissive to God. This submission will be the rule and foundation of its empire. Let God command our reason, let reason direct the soul, and the soul will be able to govern the body. By observing this wise order decreed by the Creator, the whole man will be reformed. But when the soul rebels against reason, and reason against God, the body will soon rebel against the soul."
If tempted by gluttony, remember that you have already tasted its pleasures and that they endured but a moment. They passed like a dream, except that while the light of day dispels the images of the night, the remorse for gluttony remains long after its pleasure has departed....'If you find difficulty in the performance of a virtuous action, the trouble is soon past and the virtue remains; but if you take pleasure in committing a base action, its pleasure disappears, but its shame continues with you.' (Aul Gel., Noct. Attic, 8,15) "
"Consider also Our Savior's extraordinary fast in the desert and the many rigorous mortifications which He imposed upon His Sacred Body, not only to expiate our excesses, but to give us a salutory example. How then can you call yourself a follower of Christ, if, when He fasts you abandon yourself to the gross pleasures of the table? He refuses no labor, no suffering, to redeem you, and you will do nothing for your own salvation!"
For this miserable body you neglect your soul, which will appear before the tribunal of God as poor in virtues as its earthly companion is rich in sensual pleasures. Nor will the body escape the punishment to which the soul will be condemned. Having been created for the soul it will share its sufferings. Thus by neglecting the nobler part of your being to devote yourself to the inferior, you lose both and become your own executioner."
(From The Sinner's Guide, Venerable Louis of Granada)